It’s the last day, and so much has already happened! We’ve shown how amazing things can be created when we come together as a community. Here’s a look at the highlights from day 4 of KubeCon + CloudNativeCon Europe 2024.

Opening keynote: It’s been ten years!

Chris Anisczcyk, Linux Foundation (CNCF), CTO kicked off this last day of KubeCon talking about the history of Kubernetes. From a handful of people ten years ago to over 12,000 today, Kubernetes is now not only one of the largest projects on GitHub but also one of the largest Slack channels. Anisczcyk shared details on an upcoming party to celebrate Kubernetes, a new site where you can see your own first contribution to Kubernetes, and a new program for education ambassadors called the Kubestronaut Program. Where are we going next? Salt Lake City this fall, and then London in spring 2025, Atlanta in fall 2025, Amsterdam in spring 2026 and Los Angeles in fall 2026.

Keynote: Success is Not Guaranteed

Bob Wise, CEO of Heroku, spoke about the beginnings of cloud native and pointed out how far we’ve come. The cloud native journey took a long path to success. Initially Kubernetes was limited to a maximum of 100 nodes, but in 2016 the Kubernetes Scaling SIG was started because it was key to be able to expand it. Also, they needed community governance, to make sure Google and other companies were supportive of open source, and of course CNCF governance. Docker might even have been forked, but thankfully was not. In other words, many, many decisions were made along the way, but they were able to make a big bet on Kubernetes and 10 years later it has paid off.

Keynote: And the Cloud Native Hacks winners are…

The hacking challenges were created in partnership with the United Nations, with a goal of bringing technology in to help tackle some of the world’s most urgent problems. The hackathon had a partnership with 6 UN collaborators, and 22 participants from eight different countries. All told, more than 20 hours of hacking happened.

The winners are:

Keynote: The future of application delivery

When Docker launched in 2013, the container revolution began and it completely changed how cloud infrastructure is designed and consumed. CEO Solomon Hykes told the audience that it all started in Paris 16 years ago when the first working build of what became Docker happened. Back then, serious people did not run serious applications on the cloud. There were no tools for this new model. But PaaS was happening in the US and containers were the best fit to “win” the platform wars. Modularity was the key and eventually it caught on and then we pivoted to Docker.

In the end, the ecosystem built around the containers was more important than the platform. But the experience for a developer is still not perfect. We are not done yet, and now we need to find out to make things better for developers. That is the next goal and the factory model is the best model, to approach this as a manufacturing model where we own the factory and it is an integrated process.

But now there is AI, is Kubernetes still relevant? Yes, you still need the apps and the platform and we are who are doing all of that.

Keynote Panel Discussion: Unity in Diversity: A Decade of Inclusive Growth in the Cloud Native Community 

This panel explored the diverse contributions that extend beyond code, recognizing the vital roles of local ambassadors, glossary translations, and events like Kubernetes Community Days (KCDs) in making the cloud native experience accessible globally.

Everyone can contribute, even without code. For instance, the glossary project only requires the ability to translate. Another option for no-code contribution is with the cartographers working group.

Inclusivity is non-negotiable for CNCF groups. We want to make cloud native technology accessible to everyone. We want to build a strong and supportive community, and especially one that embraces diversity.

Another example is the KubeTrain that we launched around six months ago to bring as many people as possible to KubeCon by train from different cities around Europe. It’s an initiative that grew into something big where we were able to bring people from all over Europe to this event.

How can we remove more barriers for people in the CNCF community? The most important thing is to make sure everything is accessible for everyone. The deaf and hard of hearing community often just stay home when the events are not accessible.  Something people may not know is that sign language is not universal, so just having sign language is not enough. But we’ve created a space where deaf people can talk, share, and educate one another, share knowledge and skills, and learn new technologies in whatever language they need. KubeCon is one of very few events accessible to the deaf and hard of hearing.

Keynote: Cloud Native in its Next Decade

Davanum Srinivas (a.k.a Dims), a principal engineer with AWS and Lin Sun, head of open source at, provided a history, overview, and update on the CNCF Technical Oversight Committee (TOC) which provides technical leadership to the cloud native community.  Srinivas showed the history from the smallest community to Prometheus, to where we are now.

Sun shared where the community is headed in the next decade based on input from members. Some forecasts and wishlists included consolidation, workload improvements like heterogeneous workloads, serverless APIs, sustainability, and a move towards cloud native and to become a commodity like VM was in the past. The AI wishlist was around operationalization of workloads and optimization and sustainability of cloud spend. And users are looking for consolidation and more use cases for AI.  

Right or wrong, we’ll find out at KubeCon 2034!

Keynote: The latest from the graduated projects!

Get all the exciting details from the graduated projects.